Portugal Country Guide

Portugal is a tiny country, but packs a really big punch! With three sides of its oblong shape facing the mighty Atlantic ocean, from the fishing ports of the north, where trade was developed with the wider world to the Mediterranean culture of the Algarve, much of the country’s history and culture has been shaped by the sea.

Find out everything you need to know before you visit Portugal, including trip highlights, travel tips, road trip guides and city itineraries, with our Portugal vistor’s guide.

Best Time to Visit Portugal

December to February – The winter months in the cities of the  Algarve are usually pleasant with daytime temperatures topping 20°C. You’ll be able to sit outside for meals, although a long sleeved top may be required in the evening. North of Lisbon, temperatures come down, rain can be frequent and you may see snow north of Porto.

March to May – Spring is a wonderful time for visiting Portugal, with temperatures warming up across the country. Markets increase in size, restaurants start preparing different dishes and the countryside is carpeted with wildflowers and grapevines unfurling their leaves. You’ll still find the cities less crowded, and most attractions will be open.

June to August – June and July are busier months with the prices of flights and accommodation at their peak. The interior and cities can be extremely hot in summer and August will be the busiest time as families take their annual summer trip.

September to November – Early Fall is a fantastic time to explore the cities of Portugal, which will be quieter but still warm from summer. Prices will start to come down, making this a cost effective time to visit.

Portugal Travel Tips

  • The main language spoken in Portugal is Portuguese, widely recognised as one of the hardest European languages to learn!
  • CEST
  • To enter Portugal, a valid passport with at least three months remaining is required. You may also need a visa to visit Portugal, and non-EU nationals will require a return ticket and proof of funds for the stay. It is a legal requirement to have ID on you at all times in Portugal, so bring a photocopy of your passport to save you having to carry it everywhere.
  • Portuguese healthcare is not free to visitors unless there is a reciprocal arrangement on place. Where this is the case, emergency costs will be covered but ongoing medical costs and repatriation are not covered even if you are EU traveler with a valid EHIC card. We recommend taking out travel and medical insurance for your trip. You can also call the SNS (Servico Nacional de Saude which is Portugal’s public health service) information hotline on +351 808 242 424 for advice in English.
  • The currency in Spain is the Euro € and cents.  
  • ATM’s which accept foreign cards are widely available in all cities and towns. The best ATMs to use are the MultiBanco system run by all Portuguese banks. If you decide to travel rurally, you will find ATM’s are less common.
  • Credit cards are widely accepted, with Visa and Mastercard being the most common.
  • Plugs in Portugal are type C and F. The standard voltage is 230 V, and the standard frequency is 50Hz. We recommend using a universal adapter with surge protection like this one.
  • Some city municipalities provide free wifi zones which you have to register to use. Most hotels now provide free wifi. All of Portugal’s cities have good 4g coverage but there is no 5g network in the country. Buy a travel hotspot with built in SIM for your trip and stay connected wherever you travel in Italy.
  • Portugal does not have a tipping culture like the US, but with some of the lowest wages in Europe, a tip will definitely be appreciated if you’ve received great service. Rounding up the bill or leaving 5-10% would be the usual amount, but it won’t be frowned upon if you choose not to leave a tip. 
  • Portugal ranked as the fourth safest country in the world by the Global Peace Index in 2021. That doesn’t mean you should forget to be vigilant and mindful of your surroundings in busy cities and crowded places. In an emergency, the number for police, fire and ambulance is 112. 

Portugal Packing Tips

  • Pack layers for shoulder season trips and loose cotton or linen for summer. 
  • Include one longer dress or linen trousers/pants or longer shorts, and something to cover your shoulders, if you want to enter religious buildings.
  • Sun protection, sunglasses and a cap or hat are a must in summer.
  • Winter visitors should bring a waterproof or showerproof jacket and a few warm layers for colder days, especially if visiting mountainous areas or northern Spain.
  • Bring at least one warm top for summer visits, and a couple for autumn and winter visits, plus thermals if you’re planning to visit the mountains.
  • Make sure to bring a waterproof jacket, or showerproof top, even in summer.
  • If you’re visiting Spain’s historic towns and cities, make sure to pack trainers or comfy walking shoes. Cobbles can be tough on the feet!
  • Technical gear that washes easily and dries quickly is a great option if you’re road tripping or moving about a lot.
  • Don’t forget an easy to manage day bag, such as a ruck sack or day sack.

Portugal Highlights

Intro to Portugal

Most visitor’s flock to Portugal’s stunning Algarve and Atlantic coasts, and the cities of Lisbon and Porto. But there’s so much more to see here. From the historic north of the country, to the wine regions of the Duoro, Dao and Alentejo, the dark skies of the Alqueva Dam and the rugged Serra de Estrela mountains, Portugal is as diverse as it is tiny!

Both of Portugal’s major cities, Lisbon and Porto, are on the coast and have developed a cosmopolitan sophistication whilst retaining much of their history and charm.

It is common for Portugal’s cities to be built on gradients and lifts, elevators, steps, stairs, trams and funiculars are common means of scaling the heights, often to a castle or vast religious building at the pinnacle.

With the strong cultural elements of simple food cooked well, haunting Fado folk music, superb wines and an ever-changing landscape, providing a backdrop to medieval city centres, rich history and modern inventions, Portugal is certain to keep you entertained!

Things to Know About Visiting Portugal

  • Do not make comparisons between Portugal and Spain! Portugal is proud to be a separate and distinct country with rich heritage; their identity as Portuguese is important. Portugal dislikes being overshadowed by their larger neighbours.
  • Portuguese people speak quite rapidly and loudly; this does not signify anger or displeasure although it can be a little disconcerting at first to hear little old ladies yelling at each other in the street!
  • Every city and town holds an annual festa when all but the restaurants and bars close. These events are loud and colourful, usually with different themes around music, dancing, food or religion. Check out the calendar here and be sure to attend if you can.
  • If you travel to rural Portugal, many people keep dogs for security. Be prepared to be barked at by tied up or fenced off attack style dogs. It also means there will be barking at night so take ear plugs if you’re a light sleeper. There are also lots of stray dogs, generally well behaved but they poo anywhere and everywhere. Keep your eyes peeled when walking in built-up areas.
  • Traditional markets are a way of life in Portugal, many people only ever shop at markets and you’ll find one in all the best cities in Portugal. The range of produce is huge and stalls range from those clearly professional sellers to farmers with one stool, a few chickens and some walnuts to sell.
  • Coffee is HUGE in Portuguese food culture. Don’t expect though to find Costa or Starbucks here; macchiato and latte are unknown words, ask for anything ‘skinny’ and you’ll be laughed at. Coffee comes very strong, very hot and in a very small cup…usually for less than a euro and drunk in less than a minute.
  • Salt cod or bacalhau is a Portuguese staple. It is stocked in all supermarkets and small food shops, stacked precariously high like pieces of white and grey corrugated cardboard and smells pretty pungent (understatement!). Apparently there are 101 ways to cook salt cod, try it and eat like a local.
  • Mealtimes start at around noon for lunch and 7pm for dinner, although this will be later in the cities.
  • Once seated, you will be served entradas which usually consist of pao (bread), azeitonas (olives), tuna or sardine patés and butter. The cost is usually minimal, €1-2, similar to a cover charge. If you’re eating on a budget ask for the entrada to be removed and you should not be charged.

Getting to Portugal

Flying

Mainland Portugal has three international airports, Lisbon, Porto (sometimes called Oporto) and Faro, for the Algarve. These three airports cover the entire country, and provide numerous direct international routes, making any of them a great start point for a Portugal city road trip.

Hiring a car, motorhome or campervan at Portugal’s major airports is easy when you use our premier partners.

Train

It’s easy to reach Portugal by train from the rest of Europe. Get to Irun on the Spanish border, then hop on the famous Sud Express overnight to Lisbon, where you can enjoy a dinner and drink before a night in your sleeping-car, to arrive in Portugal in style!

Or you can get to Barcelona and take the high-speed AVE train to Madrid, then the overnight Lusitaniasleeper train to Lisbon. There are numerous other daytime trains, as always, make sure to book in advance for the best deals. Once in Portugal, the train is a fantastic way to get around, you can get from Lisbon and Coimbra to Porto and back in a day, making it easy to see both cities in a limited amount of time.

Driving

If you’re visiting from Europe, Portugal is very accessible by car. The Spanish motorway network will deliver you into the country quickly and safely, whatever your route, and once in Portugal you’ll find the motorways well maintained, but you will need to grapple with the countries complicated toll system, you can find out more here.

Portugal Road Trips

Portugal Motorhome Resources

Portugal City Itineraries

Essential Travel Products for Your Portugal Trip

iBlock Universal Adaptor

Lonely Planet Portugal Guide

Roxy Easy Fit Linen Pants

Foldable UPF50 Straw Hat

Ultra Lightweight Backpack

Eastpack Springer Bum Bag

Gonex Wheeled Duffel Bag

GolocalMe G4 WiFi Hotspot

Essential Oils Hand Sanitiser

Collapsible Water Bottle

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